Émile Armand Archive


Émile Armand


Emile Armand Emile Armand

Émile Armand , pseudonym of Ernest-Lucien Juin Armand, was an influential French individualist anarchist at the beginning of the 20th century and also a dedicated free love/polyamory, intentional community, and pacifist/antimilitarist writer, propagandist and activist. He wrote for and edited the anarchist publications L'Ère nouvelle (1901–1911), L'Anarchie, L'En-Dehors (1922–1939) and L'Unique (1945–1953).

Armand was born in Paris on 26 March 1872. He was a son of a participant of the Paris Commune. At first, he embraced Christianity through the Salvation Army then became an atheist. Around 1895–1896, Armand discovered anarchism through coming into contact with the magazine Les Temps nouveaux which was edited by Jean Grave. Later, he wrote articles under the pseudonyms of Junius and in the magazine Le Libertaire of Sébastien Faure. Important influences in his writing were Leo Tolstoy, Benjamin Tucker, Walt Whitman and Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Armand later collaborated in other anarchist and pacifist journals such as La Misère, L'Universel and Le Cri de révolte. In 1901, he established with Marie Kugel (his companion until 1906) the journal L'Ère nouvelle, which initially adhered to Christian anarchism, later embraced anarcho-communism and in 1911 finally adhered to individualist anarchism. He founded Ligue antimilitariste in 1902 with Albert Libertad and George Mathias Paraf-Javal, another intransigent individualist. These principles he sought to apply within the social experimental spaces, events and communes that anarchist groups in the France of the time called milieux libres.

Source: Wikipedia.org





1906: Life As Experience

1910: The Gulf

1910: To Feel Alive

1911: Is the Illegalist Anarchist our Comrade?

1911: Is the Anarchist Ideal Achievable?

1911: Mini-Manual of Individualist Anarchism

1912: A Visit to L’anarchie

1915: The Great Debacle

1915: What We Have Been, We Still Remain

1916: On Sexual Liberty

1922: Our Rule of Ideological Conduct : Manifesto of the journal L’En-Dehors

1925: What is an Anarchist?

1926: Without Amoralization, No Anarchization

1927: Plan for an Anarchist Individualist International

1933: The Forerunners of Anarchism: Emile Armand : Translation of the Philosophy of Emile Armand

1934: Revolutionary Nudism

1935: The Individual and Dictatorship

1944: The Friends of E. Armand

1944: Principal Tendencies and Theses of the “L’Unique” Center

1945: Our demands as Individualist Anarchists

1956: Anarchist Individualism and Amorous Comradeship

1957: Individualist Perspectives

1964: The Anarchism of Émile Armand

unknown: The Critical Activity of Individualists

unknown: Variations on Voluptuousness


1915: Letter from Orleans, France