Guy A. Aldred Archive

Communism : Story of the Communist Party
Appendix 6
The Soviet's National Heroes

Written: 1935.
Transcription/Markup: Andy Carloff
Online Source:; 2021

By a Special Decree dated 29th July, 1942, three new high orders of merit were introduced for the Soviet army in the names of three national heroes of the old Imperial Russia. In spite of lavish decoration of red gold enameled stars and other Soviet symbols, the names of Count Souvoroff, Prince Koutouzoff, and Prince Alexander Nievsky are those of representatives of the old Czarist Imperial Nationalism.

The order of Prince Koutouzoff is coined of pure gold in the shape of a five-pointed star. The center disc of white enamel is surrounded by a wreath of laurels and oak leaves and as if trying to blot out the tower of the Kremlin with its red enamel five-pointed star is the gold image of Prince, Koutouzoff. At the sides are the simple words, Michael Koutouzoff. This order is in two grades, and is awarded to army commanders and divisional officers for stubborn resistance and strategical retreats.

The order of Count Souvoroff is made of platinum also in the shape of a five-pointed star, with the head of Count Souvoroff in the center over a spray of laurel and oak leaves. This order is in three grades also for the officers of high command for successful frontal operations.

The third order of Prince Alexander Nievsky is made of silver in the shape of a red enameled five-pointed star. In the center is a shield bearing the head of Prince Alexander Nievsky. Surrounding it is a laurel and oak wreath resting on a crossed sword, bow and arrow covered by a hammer and sickle. This order is in one grade only and is for exceptional bravery and merit displayed in battle.

The Soviet Government has discovered that it has to-day something in common with the old Imperial regime which was supposed to have been destroyed.